Imagery/Figurative Language - M.
- Simile: a comparison using "like" or "as."
Ex. He's as dumb as an ox.
- Metaphor: a direct comparison. Saying something is
Ex. He's an zero.
- Personification: Treating a non-human thing with human characteristics.
Ex. The days crept by slowly, sorrowfully.
- Hyperbole: Exaggeration used for effect.
Ex. He weighs a ton.
- Idiom: Expression specific to the country
of origin. Can not be translated literally.
- Ex. Raining cats and dogs
- Metonymy: Substituting one word or phrase for another that
is closely related.
Ex. The White House stated today that...
- Synecdoche: A part represents the whole.
Ex. The football player is hanging up
- Symbol: an object that represents something else.
Ex. A small cross by the dangerous curve
on the road reminded all of Johnny's death.
- Contrast: closely arranging things with strikingly different
Ex. He was dark, sinister, and cruel;
she was radiant, pleasant, and kind.
- Paradox: a seeming contradiction.
Ex. The faster I go the behinder I get.