Causes
 

 I. North vs. South: Two Worlds Divided

Sectionalism - Sectional Conflict during the 1850s
Causes of the Civil War- resolutions, party platforms, and contemporary speeches
Secession Crisis - Documents
The Confederate View
Declaration of Causes of Seceding States
About North Carolina - Causes broken into themes
Origins of the Conflict
Slavery, Expansion, Politics: Causes of the Civil War
 
II. Catalysts
 
Eli Whitney's Cotton Gin 1793 - Cotton Production and the Uproar of Slavery
Underground Railroad Early 1800s - Escape route for slaves - Taking the Train of Freedom
King Cotton 1800-1860 - Southern economy built on "the backs of slaves"
Missouri Compromise 1820 - Missouri enters the Union, but the slave line is drawn
Slave Narratives - 1840s> - Gave Northerners first insight into plight of slaves
Compromise of 1850 California would enter as a free state, slave trade ended in D.C., tough Fugitive Slave Act to be enforced
Fugitive Slave Act 1850 - Law controls runaway slaves throughout America
Harriet Beecher Stowe: Uncle Tom's Cabin 1852 - Novel's depiction of slave life stirs debate
Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854 - Stephen Douglas pushes through legislation to enable central railroad route
Bleeding Kansas 1854 - Jayhawkers and Bushwhackers fight to decide popular sovereignty
Caning of Charles Sumner - Spring 1856 - Preston Brooks defends his family's dignity
Dred Scott March 6, 1857 - Slave sues for freedom
Republican Party Abolitionists create new party
Lincoln-Douglass Debates1858 - Lincoln establishes himself on the national stage after a series of debates
Harper's Ferry October 1859 - John Brown seizes Federal Arsenal
Election of 1860 - Lincoln becomes president after Democratic party split their nomination
 

 Overview
 
Home of the American Civil War - excellent link for primary sources and easily found information
Civil War Photographs
The Civil War Cycle - Extensive sources for experienced researchers
The War Years - history through an essay format
CivilWar.com - historical information related to the American Civil War
American Civil War Homepage
American Civil War Page - historical information on a variety of topics and issues relating to the war between the states. From Dakota State University.
Yahoo! Directory
 

 Timelines
 
Chronology of the Secession Crisis
Outline of Events
Time Line of the Civil War - Each year divided into major events
Antebellum Period and Civil War - dates and key events
History Place - Timeline and Photos
Timeline of the American Civil War
 

 Maps
 
Free/Slave Soil Map - the Missouri Compromise
Voting on Missouri Compromise
State Battle Maps - Battles by state and as a nation
Primary Source Maps
Civil War Battle Maps - Click on state and year for outline of battles
 

 Key Figures
 
Abraham Lincoln - president of the United States
Jefferson Davis - president of the Confederacy
Robert E. Lee - General of the Army of Northern Virginia
Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson - Southern legend
George McClellan - cautious tactics questioned by Lincoln
William T. Sherman - initiated "March to the Sea"
Ulysses S. Grant - commander of Union armies
 

 Battles
 
Battle Statistics
Costliest Battles of the Civil War

Fort Sumter April 12-14 1861: This Confederate attack on federal property signaled the beginning of the war.

1st Bull Run (Manassas) July 21, 1861: Pushed back by the forces of "Stonewall" Jackson, the Union realized this war would not end in 90 days.

Hampton Roads - March 9, 1862: First attack between the Ironclads: The Monitor and the Merrimac

Shiloh April 6-7, 1862: Forced to abandon Kentucky and Tennessee, Gen. Johnston chose Corinth, Mississippi to launch an offensive against U.S. Grant and his Union troops.

2nd Bull Run (Manassas) August 28-30, 1862: Confederates force a Pope's Union forces to retreat allowing Lee to mount an offensive.

Antietam September 16-18, 1862: Failing to finish off the outnumbered Confederate army, McClellan allowed Lee's army to retreat into the night.

Fredericksburg December 11-15, 1862: Burnside's forces were repeatedly pushed back by Lee's army who held a strong defensive position.

Chancellorsville April 30-May 3, 1863: Stonewall Jackson was mortally wounded during this battle which many consider Lee's greatest victory.

Vicksburg May 18-July4, 1863: In one of the most brilliant military campaigns, Grant essentially divided the Confederates in half.

Gettysburg July 1-3, 1863: The turning point in the war after Lee mounted an all-out offensive and was forced to retreat.

Sherman's March to the Sea November 1864: Sherman incorporates his view of "total war" to demoralize the South

 

 Reconstruction
 

Timelines of Reconstruction: Summaries of major events from 1865-1870

Lincoln's View of Reconstruction vs. Radical Republicans

Reconstruction - twelve-part account of Reconstruction from the Southern point of view. Excerpted from the 1899 "Confederate Military History."

 
 

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